Maryland is home to over 42,000 dairy cows spread across 340 farms throughout the state. In 2020, Maryland's dairy industry produced over 878 million pounds of milk and generated over $150 million in sales.
Number of Dairy Farms
|Number of Dairy Cows||42,000||9,440,400|
|Milk Production (2020)|
|Total (million lbs.)||878||223,220|
|Milk per Cow (lbs.)||20,905||23,777|
|Price Received ($/cwt)||$17.30||$18.25|
|Total Value (million $)||150.5||40,547|
|Milk Fat Test (%)||3.93||3.95|
Data from USDA NASS, 2021.
Similar to the U.S., the majority of Maryland's dairies are small (<100 dairy cows per farm). In Maryland, the vast majority of cows (~80%) reside on farms that house less than 500 cows. *Data derived from USDA NASS surveys and 2017 Census of Agriculture.