Maryland Dairy Industry Statistics

At a glance...

Maryland is home to over 42,000 dairy cows spread across 340 farms throughout the state.  In 2020, Maryland's dairy industry produced over 878 million pounds of milk and generated over $150 million in sales.

Where are Maryland's dairy farms located?

Milk Production Statistics

Statistic Maryland United States

Number of Dairy Farms

340 31,657
Number of Dairy Cows 42,000 9,440,400
Milk Production (2020)  
  Total (million lbs.) 878 223,220
  Milk per Cow (lbs.) 20,905 23,777
  Price Received ($/cwt) $17.30 $18.25
  Total Value (million $) 150.5 40,547
  Milk Fat Test (%) 3.93 3.95

Data from USDA NASS, 2021.


Farm Size: How do Maryland farms compare to others in the U.S.?

Similar to the U.S., the majority of Maryland's dairies are small (<100 dairy cows per farm).  In Maryland, the vast majority of cows (~80%) reside on farms that house less than 500 cows. *Data derived from USDA NASS surveys and 2017 Census of Agriculture.