Publications

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Apr 15, 2021

Vitamin D: Deficiency, Relevant Health Issues and Major Sources

Vitamin D is an important nutrient that helps keep bones healthy and allows muscles and nerves to work properly. It also supports immune system function. Vitamin D can be sourced through foods and supplements, as well as sun exposure. Of late, there has been a lot of attention to the role and function of vitamin D in the context of obesity, prevention of cancer, hypertension, and type II diabetes. Vitamin D is also involved in a variety of cells within our body. The amount of vitamin D that people need each day varies depending on age, lifestyle, and certain health conditions.
Apr 15, 2021

Metamorphosis: The Life Stages of a Monarch Butterfly on Milkweed in North East, Maryland

The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) population in North America has been in decline over the last two decades. The absence of the monarch butterfly in our landscape in the state of Maryland has been quite eerie. Despite the efforts of several organizations, the monarch butterfly is still in need of assistance.
Apr 15, 2021

Learn to Earn: Establishing and Creating 4-H Project Marketing Opportunities

In 2020, the pandemic brought much upheaval to life as we previously experienced. Cancellation of events, such as county fairs and shows presented unique challenges to 4-H members. The youth did not have the usual opportunities to interact with and educate the public about their 4-H projects. Communication skills that are the hallmark of 4-H and county fairs as a forum to develop those abilities by interacting with the public fell by the wayside. Youngsters no longer had the usual earning potential for the hard work they invested on their projects. Without 4-H fairs and shows, premiums and monies generated from the sale of products were severely limited or not possible at all. The 4-H program, like basically all of life, had to be done in unique ways in learning to market 4-H projects.
Apr 15, 2021

Managing Anger

This fact sheet explores anger related to the COVID-19 pandemic. It also provides strategies that readers can use to manage anger alone and in relation to others.
Apr 15, 2021

Maryland Consulting and Industrial Foresters Directory

The Maryland Consulting and Industrial Foresters Directory lists licensed professional foresters who offer a wide range of services to woodland property owners. Services include forest stewardship plans, timber stand and wildlife habitat improvement, and much more. The Directory is for reference only and is not an endorsement of any forester listed.
Jan 22, 2021

Meat Marketing Planner: Strategic Marketing for Farm-to-Table Meat Enterprises (EB-403)

Meat Marketing Planner: Strategic Marketing for Farm-to-Table Meat Enterprises addresses marketing beef, pork, lamb, and goat, but not poultry processing since it falls under different USDA, FSIS, and state regulations. While many of the key strategies discussed here can be applied to direct farm-to-consumer sales, this publication focuses on marketing farm-raised meats.
Jan 15, 2021

Health Insurance Protects and Provides for You and Your Family

Being physically and financially healthy is important for you and your family. Health insurance is a way to manage and reduce the risk of getting sick and becoming injured as well as provide greater income security. Health insurance gives you access to preventive services like screenings and check-ups that are helpful if you develop a chronic condition or become injured. If a health problem happens, the results can be costly. Health insurance helps reduce and manage risks, especially the financial one.
Jan 01, 2021

Mid-Atlantic Commercial Vegetable Production Recommendations

The recommendations are intended for the commercial vegetable grower who has to make numerous managerial decisions. Although the proper choices of variety, pesticides, equipment, irrigation, fertilizer, and cultural practices are the individual vegetable grower’s responsibility, it is intended that these recommendations will facilitate decision-making. Recommended planting dates will vary across the six-state region. Local weather conditions, grower experience, and variety may facilitate successful harvest on crops planted outside the planting dates listed in this guide. This can be evaluated in consultation with the local agents and state specialists. Government agencies and other organizations administrating crop insurance programs or other support programs should contact local Extension agents and/or vegetable specialists for guidance.
Sep 01, 2020

Animal Welfare is Essential to the Sustainability of the Poultry Industry Program

Animal welfare is oftentimes housed under the same umbrella as sustainability because improvements in both are viewed as progress towards the future. In other words, any improvement in animal welfare also improves the sustainability of production or potentially has less impact on the surrounding environment. However, the relationships between poultry production and welfare and the impact of production on the environment are complex and difficult to balance
Sep 01, 2020

Understanding Farm Energy

How much energy is used on Maryland farms? The energy used to perform many routine crop and livestock operations may cost your farm several hundred or thousands of dollars each month. On average, 15% of agricultural production costs in the United States are spent on the fuels and electricity used for equipment operation (see Figure 1) as modern agricultural equipment uses a significant amount of fuel and energy. Additional costs arise from the energy used indirectly through petroleum-based products (i.e., fertilizer and pesticides) and through transportation which becomes a concern for more rural farms with products traveling further to markets. The cost of this energy comes amidst growing concerns over low farm profits, rising energy prices in the ag sector (EIA, 2019), and Maryland’s rapidly changing energy environment which requires 50% of the state’s electricity to be generated from renewable energy sources by 2030. The greatest impact of the changing energy market is expected on those farms using a lot of machinery due to their elevated fuel use, and smaller farms that are unable to distribute their energy costs.