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Showing 51-60 of 319 publications
Updated: August 2, 2021

Incorporating the Essential Elements of 4-H into Online Environments through Virtual Activity Clubs

4-H virtual activity clubs meet over the internet to provide a focused learning experience on a single topic for a short period of time. This fact sheet provides guidance on creating a high quality experience to engage youth and incorporate the essential elements of 4-H into online environments.
Updated: August 2, 2021

Visual Guide for Using Zoom for Community Education Program A Guide to Develop, Implement, and Assess Your Extension Program Using Zoom Platform

This publication is created to provide tips and suggestions on ways you can use the Zoom platform to implement successful online community education programs. It takes readers through visual illustrations of pre-meeting, during-meeting, and post-meeting features that can be used to seamlessly educate your clientele, collect feedbacks and extend outreach by broadcasting your programs on social media.
Updated: February 23, 2022

Bay-Wise Maryland Yardstick For Small Space Urban Gardens, Townhouses, and Apartment Balconies

This seven-page fact sheet, describing homeowner landscape management best practices, is a checklist used by Maryland Master Gardeners to certify small urban gardens as “Bay-Wise” conservation landscapes.
Updated: January 23, 2023

Gastrointestinal Parasite Control in Cattle: The Fecal Egg Count Reduction Test (FS-1175)

The fecal egg count reduction test is a tool that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of a dewormer. This tool should be incorporated into the parasite management program on the farm to monitor the development of dewormer resistance. Authors: Sarah Potts, Ph.D., Amanda Grev, Ph.D., Susan Schoenian, and Jeff Semler; Title: Gastrointestinal Parasite Control in Cattle: The Fecal Egg Count Reduction Test (FS-1175)
Updated: July 12, 2021

Is Starter Phosphorus Fertilizer Necessary for Corn Grown on Atlantic Coastal Plain Soils?

Despite reports of phosphorus (P) deficiencies in corn grown on soils with high P concentrations in Maryland, the scientific literature does not consistently demonstrate a yield increase with the use of starter P fertilizer. In this study, we evaluated corn yields with and without starter P application on soils across a wide range of soil P concentrations in Maryland to determine if our local conditions are consistent with the literature.
Updated: June 30, 2021


Deep row entrenchment (DRE) is a biosolids beneficial reuse system suited to strip mine reclamation using biosolids and hybrid poplar trees. This publication provides best management practices resulting from years of research by the University of Maryland on a private gravel spoil site in southern Maryland. Application of the technique to coal mine spoils is discussed with examples of commercial applications.
Updated: May 12, 2022

Common Crop Issues in Backyard Chickens

Crop issues are an occasional problem in small flocks. This fact sheet goes over some of the more common crop ailments and how to deal with them.
Updated: January 26, 2023

Industrial Hemp Production in Maryland: Frequently Answered Questions (FS-1172)

As industrial hemp production becomes legal in the US, new and experienced growers alike have questions about its cultivation, management, and marketing. This factsheet answers frequently asked questions about hemp production in Maryland. Information contained within this document is current as of June 2021. The UMD Industrial Hemp webpage ( will house the most updated information on hemp production in Maryland. Authors: Nichole M. Fiorellino, Emily Zobel, Karen Rane, and Andrew Ristvey; Title: Industrial Hemp Production in Maryland: Frequently Answered Questions (FS-1172)
Updated: August 18, 2022

What do the Numbers Really Mean? Interpreting Variety Trial Results (FS-1119)

These variety trial reports contain statistical information that is critical for proper interpretation of the data. However, without basic understanding of statistics, growers and end-users of the variety trial reports may misinterpret the data and draw invalid conclusions. This fact sheet addresses basic statistical concepts and how to apply them to properly interpret variety trial data. Authors: Andrew A. Kness and Nicole M. Fiorellino; Title: What do the Numbers Really Mean? Interpreting Variety Trial Results (FS-1119)
Updated: June 23, 2021

Recipe Swaps: Common Substitutions for Making Recipes Healthier

This fact sheet provides tips and examples on how to make your recipes healthier with simple swaps for reducing calories, sugars, fat, and increasing fiber.