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Showing 71-80 of 332 publications
Updated: January 26, 2023

Industrial Hemp Production in Maryland: Frequently Answered Questions (FS-1172)

As industrial hemp production becomes legal in the US, new and experienced growers alike have questions about its cultivation, management, and marketing. This factsheet answers frequently asked questions about hemp production in Maryland. Information contained within this document is current as of June 2021. The UMD Industrial Hemp webpage ( will house the most updated information on hemp production in Maryland. Authors: Nichole M. Fiorellino, Emily Zobel, Karen Rane, and Andrew Ristvey; Title: Industrial Hemp Production in Maryland: Frequently Answered Questions (FS-1172)
Updated: August 18, 2022

What do the Numbers Really Mean? Interpreting Variety Trial Results (FS-1119)

These variety trial reports contain statistical information that is critical for proper interpretation of the data. However, without basic understanding of statistics, growers and end-users of the variety trial reports may misinterpret the data and draw invalid conclusions. This fact sheet addresses basic statistical concepts and how to apply them to properly interpret variety trial data. Authors: Andrew A. Kness and Nicole M. Fiorellino; Title: What do the Numbers Really Mean? Interpreting Variety Trial Results (FS-1119)
Updated: June 23, 2021

Recipe Swaps: Common Substitutions for Making Recipes Healthier

This fact sheet provides tips and examples on how to make your recipes healthier with simple swaps for reducing calories, sugars, fat, and increasing fiber.
Updated: June 15, 2021

Pesticide Safety Educ. Private Applicator Recert Workbook

A team of Extension agents from University of Maryland, University of Delaware, Penn State have produced a workbook for applicators that do not have access to virtual training materials. This workbook is intended to give Maryland Private Pesticide Applicators the re certification training (4 credits) needed to renew the applicator’s license. Topics covered in this workbook are MDA-approved and are equivalent to two hours of in-person training needed every three years to renew your private applicator’s license. This workbook is also approved for three (3) Delaware credits and two (2) Pennsylvania core credits. In order to receive credit you must complete the entire workbook. At the end of the workbook you will answer a 30-question quiz and return it for grading. To order your free workbook, please complete this form: or call the Harford County Extension Office at (410) 638-3255.
Updated: June 25, 2021

Virtual Showcase Toolkit

EM-13 The Virtual Showcase Toolkit offers best practices to 4-H professionals, volunteers, members, and partners for conducting virtual/online showcases and hybrid events combining virtual and in-person components. It provides considerations for adapting in-person judging experiences for most exhibit areas to potential online platforms.
Updated: August 24, 2023

Maryland Consulting & Industrial Foresters Directory - University of Maryland Extension Fact Sheet #1059 (revised February 2023)

The Maryland Consulting and Industrial Foresters Directory lists licensed professional foresters who offer a wide range of services to woodland property owners. Services include forest stewardship plans, timber stand and wildlife habitat improvement, and much more. The Directory is for reference only and is not an endorsement of any forester listed.
Updated: June 28, 2021

Maryland 4-H Volunteer Needs Assessment

This report was generated from responses to the statewide Volunteer Needs Assessment distributed through 4HOnline to all Certified University of Maryland Extension (UME) 4-H Volunteers in 2019.
Updated: August 30, 2023


A septic system is a valuable and important component of a home. It is specifically designed for your home, including the expected household water use and the soil’s capacity to treat wastewater.
Updated: May 7, 2021

Oysters and Corn: Learning from Agriculture

There has been much concern regarding the precipitous decline in Mid Atlantic oyster production, with various groups attempting to place blame and espouse causes. However, it is instructive to veer away from traditional arguments to compare oysters with traditional agricultural crops for a different view of the problem and a vision for potential solutions. Comparing production of oysters with other crops allows us to examine how those have been managed over time to increase production. The United States today is considered a world leader in food production. Taking lessons from that development and applying them to oysters could help guide the restoration of the industry that once flourished.
Updated: May 4, 2021

Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum)

Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum) is one of the most poisonous species amongst the higher plants. This plant contains poisonous alkaloids throughout all of its plant parts (vegetative, flowers and fruits). Poison hemlock is acutely toxic to people and animals.If ingested, symptoms with appear 20 minutes to three hours after ingestion.