September 2022 | Volume 13, Issue 6
Spots on Honeycrisp Apples: What are They and How to Differentiate Them?
Zarah Ahmed, Candidate for B.S. in Physiology and Neurobiology & Macarena Farcuh, Ph.D., Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist.
What are physiological disorders? Physiological disorders can be defined as abnormal growth pat-terns that can impact the external and internal conditions of fruit. They are not caused by insects, pests, or mechanical damage, but rather by environmental factors or...Read more about Spots on Honeycrisp Apples
Bacterial Canker of Tomato
Jerry Brust, UME
A disease of tomato that we usually only see occasionally has been observed more frequently this year in several fields in Maryland. The disease is bacterial canker caused by the bacteria Clavibacter michiganensis. A common symptom of the disease is leaf tips and margins that are yellow surrounded by dark brown tissue (Fig.1), although at times there can no yellow border, which is typically due to the cultivar or the environmental conditions. Veins on the leaves can become dark and sunken. Leaves can wilt starting at their tips to their branches after which they die and fall from the plant. Systemic infections of bacterial canker usually occur on more mature plants that are growing poorly with the oldest leaves curling, turning yellow, and wilting. Fruit symptoms usually manifest themselves as small, round, raised white lesions with yellow margins, especially near the calyx.
Bacterial canker of tomatoes is often introduced into a field via infected seed or transplants and can be spread
by splashing water or plant contact (pruning and trellising). The disease can survive in soil debris for up to three years and can also survive on stakes (especially if wooden) or tools. Several nightshade species act as hosts for the disease. There are no spray treatments that are effective for its control.
Stinkbug Damage Found in Maryland Tomato Fields
Jerry Brust, UME
There have been reports of stinkbug damage in tomatoes in Maryland for the last couple of weeks. Stinkbug feeding damage is called cloudy spot in tomato fruit (fig. 1). It occurs when the adult or immature...Read more about Stinkbug Damage Found in Maryland Tomato Fields
Precautions Fruit and Vegetable Growers Should Take During a Boil Water Advisory
Neith Little, Carol Allen, Shauna Henley, UMD Extension
Early this month, the Baltimore City Department of Public Works issued a Required Boil Water Advisory for parts of Baltimore City and a Precautionary Boil Water Advisory for a larger portion of the city and part of Baltimore County due to E. coli being identified in municipal...Read more about Precautions Fruit and Vegetable Growers Should Take During a Boil Water Advisory
Sweet Corn Field Day and Plot Tour
When: September 13, 2022 | Tuesday
Time: 4:45 pm—6:00pm | Where: Carvel Research and Education Center 16483 County Seat Highway, Georgetown, DE 19947, @the grove of trees with picnic tables
Topic covered included: Inputs, Sweet corn variety trial work and abiotic stress tolerance in sweet corn, diseases of concern in sweet corn and update on sweet corn insecticide trials.
For more information, please contact David Owens (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Fungicide Resistance in Botrytis from Strawberry Fields, 2021-2022 Season
Mengjun Hu, Department of Plant Science and Landscape
Architecture Strawberry Botrytis fruit rot, also called gray mold (fig 1), is a common disease that typically drives fungicide sprays throughout a season. Flowers are considered the gateway for the pathogen, and some flower infections can stay latent...Read more about Fungicide Resistance in Botrytis from Strawberry Fields, 2021-2022 Season
Sweet Potato Harvest, Curing and Storage
Gordon Johnson, University of Delaware Extension Vegetable & Fruit Specialist
Sweet potatoes for processing are being grown on Delmarva in larger acreages. These are dug using a modified potato digger, conveyed to trucks, and then are transported to the pro-cessing plant. In contrast, there are a considerable number...Read more about Sweet Potato Harvest, Curing and Storage
Harvest and Postharvest practices for Improving Apple Fruit Marketability
Date: November 7, 2022 | Monday
Time: 8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. | Location: Western Maryland Research and Education Center, 18330 Keedysville, Road, Keedysville, Maryland 21756
Cost: $20 | Registration: https://AppleWorkshop.eventbrite.com
- Apple Fruit Quality topics: Practices for fruit quality improvement, Apple harvest maturity assessments, How to harvest fruit at optimum maturity, Improving apple red skin coloration
- Food safety topics: dump tank sanitizers, handling culls and drops, issues found during inspections and audits, cleaning and Sanitation of bins and equipment
Vegetable & Fruit News, September 2022, Volume 13, Issue 6 (pdf)
Vegetable & Fruit News is a research-based publication for the commercial vegetable and fruit industry available electronically from April through October. Published by the University of Maryland Extension Agriculture and Food Systems team.
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