Updated: March 13, 2023
Pesticide Safety and Training
The University of Maryland Pesticide Safety and Training program was created to assist agricultural producers and businesses with timely information regarding pesticide use and recommendations. Farms use Integrated Pest Management (IPM) to solve pest problems while minimizing risks to people and the environment.
Updated: December 14, 2022
Poison Hemlock Identification and Management
Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum, Fig. 1), is a member of the plant family Apiaceae, which contains a few important crops such as carrots, celery, and parsnips. This weed is a tall, invasive, and highly poisonous weed that is sometimes mistaken for one of its crop relatives. It is also commonly mistaken for Queen Anne's Lace (Daucus carota).
Updated: July 14, 2022
Mowing: A Casually Thought of Integrated Weed Management Tool
Mowing is a relatively inexpensive mechanical weed management option that imposes minimal disturbances to the soil. Several types of commercial mowers including rotary, flail, reciprocating sicklebar and reel can be used to suppress weed growth. Still, mowing is generally not thought of as a formable integrated weed management (IWM) tool as it is not congenial to most cropping systems or all land types. For instance, having a smooth soil surface free of rocks or other obstructions is a necessity for mowing operations, and if mowing close to the ground, the soil surface should be even. Some have declared that mowing is primarily used to limit seed production and restrict unsightly weed growth in un-tilled herbaceous and woody perennial crops.
Updated: November 16, 2021
Managing Herbicide Resistant Common Ragweed Emergence and Growth in Soybean With Cover Crops and Residual Herbicides
Herbicide resistant common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) is prevalent on the Lower Eastern Shore of Maryland and other areas in the region. In 2019, common ragweed populations on the Eastern Shore of Maryland and Delaware were found to have two or three-way mode-of-action resistance to herbicides. They were resistant to glyphosate (group 9), cloransulam (Firstrate; group 2 “ALS inhibitors”), and/or fomesafen (Reflex; group 14 “PPO Inhibitors”). Early-season management of common ragweed is strongly dependent upon reducing seed emergence and controlling ragweed populations prior to soybean planting. However, due to the limited herbicides with efficacy against common ragweed, it is even more critical to utilize alternative and multiple means of control.