Updated: June 2, 2021
By Megan Gerdes , Mayhah Suri , and Rachel Rosenberg Goldstein

Most farmers in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States (Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington D.C.) consider the use of nontraditional water sources important. Nontraditional water is any water source other than groundwater, including agricultural runoff, treated wastewater, reclaimed water, produced water, untreated surface water, and brackish surface and groundwater (USDA, 2017). For more information and definitions of water reuse terms, please see Recycled Water & Related Terms Relevant for Agriculture (2018).

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