- The wild rabbit in Maryland is the Eastern cottontail. Rabbits are abundant in both rural and suburban areas.
- They tend to concentrate around shrubs, overgrown fence rows, or the edge of a field.
- They rarely are found in dense woodlands or in open grassland. Cottontails generally spend their entire lives in an area of 10 acres or less. They relocate only because of a lack of food or cover.
- Wild rabbits live about 15 months and raise 3 litters in a year with an average of 6 young.
- Rabbits can devour a flower or vegetable garden eating entire rows of peas, beans, lettuce, or beets. They do not seem to like corn, squash, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, and potatoes.
- Their chewing can also severely damage the stems and trunks of trees and shrubs.
- A few rabbits nibbling here and there is usually no problem, but when control is required, a fence around the garden is the best investment.
- A simple 2-foot chicken wire fence will work. However, the bottom of the fence must be secured to the ground or buried a few inches in the ground.
- Protect the stems of trees and shrubs with cylinders of hardware cloth 18 inches high.
- Several types of odor and taste repellents are also available on the market. Removal of excessive vegetation cover can also reduce the available habitat.
Maryland Department of Natural Resources - Eastern Cottontails