Produces numerous winged seeds, dried capsules (houses the seeds) mature in the fall and remain attached to the tree through winter. Suckers from root or stump
Conditions that favor growth
Disturbed natural areas, including forests, streambanks, and steep rocky slopes. Prefers sun
Hand pull young seedlings, including the root system when the soil is moist. Cut young trees at the base if flowering to prevent seed formation
Invasive Tree Control
Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas
(PDF) Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas
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