horsenettle fruit

Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense). Photo: Betty Marose

Updated: March 3, 2021

Life cycle

Perennial grows from 1 to 3 ft. tall with deep rhizomes

Growth habit

Leaves large, wavy, alternate; spines on the upper and lower midrib of leaves and on stems

horsenettle foliage
Horsenettle leaves. Photo: Betty Marose

Reproduction

Seeds and creeping rhizomes; flowers 5-petaled, potato/tomato-like, white to pale lavender; fruits yellow, rounded berries, persisting through winter

Conditions that favor growth

A weed of primarily orchards and pastures, also in vegetable gardens; thrives on sandy or gravelly soils

Cultural control

Manual cultivation taking care to remove all parts of root and stem; prickles can hurt, wear gloves for protection