upper surface of geranium leaf with edema

Upper surface of geranium leaf with edema
Photo: Sandra Jensen, Cornell University, Bugwood.org

Updated: March 16, 2021

Symptoms of edema in houseplants

Plants may develop wart-like or crusty raised bumps on the lower leaf surfaces. The bumps may become brown or necrotic and may be misdiagnosed as disease or insect feeding damage.


Allow adequate drying time between watering schedules especially when growing media temperatures are cool and air temperatures are warm. Bottom heat can help alleviate edema symptoms during the winter. Plants prone to edema include English ivy, geranium, schefflera, jade, snake plant, African violets, pellionia, and aluminum plant.