In Maryland, two species of vole (the meadow vole and the pine vole) eat roots, bark, and bulbs; even at low population levels, they cause significant damage to forest plantations, orchards, nurseries, and landscapes. This fact sheet explains how to identify these injurious rodents and provides information on vole biology and management for forest plantations.
Deer damage to apple trees in commercial orchards is a major problem for growers in Maryland and surrounding states. The use of dogs contained within "Off-Limits Crop Protection Systems" has been shown to be an effective way to reduce deer damage in orchards. This research note summarizes results of using this fencing system around the 30-acre main orchard areas at the Western Maryland Research and Education Center.
The use of baited polywire/polytape fencing to protect field and row crops, home gardens, orchards, forest plantations, and other small acreage areas has been demonstrated by a number of studies. This report summarizes three demonstration studies on forest plantations ranging in size from 3 to 15 acres in Frederick and Howard counties in Maryland.
Damage to ornamental plants by white-tailed deer has increased dramatically over recent years. Deer damage to home landscapes and gardens is the number one complaint in suburban areas. An integrated approach to deer damage management can often be the most optimal way to deal with the problem. Using any one or a combination of strategies including population management, fencing, vegetation management, and commercial repellents or scare tactics is the best approach to minimize negative impacts from deer. Commercial deer repellents have become increasingly popular with residential homeowners as a means of keeping deer damage at tolerable levels.
The white-tailed deer is of great economic and aesthetic importance to Maryland citizens. But an overpopulation of deer can result in negative consequences, such as damaged crops, landscapes, and forests, and safety concerns due to deer vehicle collisions and Lyme disease. State, local and private groups all have a stake in helping to manage the state's deer population.