University of Maryland Extension

Native Plants and Pollinators

Agricultural Service Center
Native Plant Demonstration Garden

This demonstration garden was installed in October 2018, by St. Mary’s County Master Gardeners, based on the need for a native plant demonstration garden in the county. This garden was funded by St. Mary’s County Government. 

Native plants are widely understood to be those plants that were indigenous to an ecosystem prior to European settlement. They evolved with the local wildlife and climate of that particular ecosystem over many years. In Maryland, there are three eco-regions: mountain, piedmont, and coastal. Native plants include ferns, grasses, perennials, groundcovers, shrubs, and trees. All plants in this guide can be found within the demonstration garden, and are suitable for the region of St. Mary's, Charles and Calvert Counties, Maryland.

Native plants are important because of the many environmental benefits and services that they provide, including: food and habitat for pollinators, wildlife, and beneficial insects. These species also require less fertilizer, pesticides and water because they have adapted to the local climate.

A plant cultivar (”cultivated variety”) is a species of plant that has been bred by horticulturists to enhance a certain attribute, including: plant size, flower color, flower shape, or even disease resistance. When looking at plant labels or descriptions, cultivars are denoted by single quotes (’), and listed after the plant species and genus. This garden has both straight native plant species and cultivars. 

CLICK HERE for the Native Plant Garden Plant Guide

 

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