University of Maryland Extension

Economics of Commercial Grape Production

The economics of a vineyard are as important as the growing of the grapes.  Looking at the income and costs associated with the crop as well as establishment and cash flow are essential to your vineyard profitability.  The information and budget below will help you make important decision on the economics of your vineyard.

Crop Budget:

Cost of production is very important when making decisions related to your farm enterprise and Vineyard. Enterprise budgets provide valuable information regarding individual enterprises on the farm. This tool enables the farm manager to make decisions regarding enterprises and plan for the coming production year. The enterprise budget uses establishment, farm income, variable cost, fixed cost and net income to provide a clear picture of the financial health of each farm enterprise.

The 2015 Maryland Grape Enterprise Budget was developed using average yields and estimated input cost based upon producer and farm supplier data. The figures presented are averages and vary GREATLY from one farm to the other. It is therefore crucial to input actual farm data when completing enterprise budgets for your farm.

How to Use Enterprise Budget:

The enterprise budget below can be used as a baseline for your operation. Make changes to this budget to include your production techniques, inputs and overall management.

This budget is also available electronically in an Excel worksheet below. Use this document to make changes for your operation and to find a lower cost of production. If you have problems downloading this budget contact your local Extension office for copies.

For more information on these please contact Shannon Dill at or 410-822-1244.


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