University of Maryland Extension

Maryland Rural Enterprise Development Center

Base Name: 
mredc

Agencies and Jurisdictions

At the federal level the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) have jurisdiction, which means they have the authority to make and enforce regulations applicable to any state or territory. Within the USDA is the Food Safety Inspection Service (...

Distribution

Regulation of food distribution — moving food from wherever it is produced or stored to the place where it will be sold — begins with the licensing of food processing facilities. A USDA or FDA licensed facility may distribute food anywhere in the United States. Distributing food between states is...

Labeling

Labels provide information to trace a food back to its source, identify ingredients, warn of potential health hazards, recommend storage conditions, and verify weight or volume, quality or grade, calories and nutrition. Label requirements may be linked to how food is processed, where it is...

Storage

Food safety regulations specify conditions under which food may be stored before it is sold. Storage conditions are critical to avoiding contamination and spoilage. With farms, farm stands, farmers’ markets, and food buying clubs, food is often stored in more than one place before it is purchased...

Facilities

A food processing facility is anywhere food for human consumption is processed or prepared, whether a farm, factory, slaughterhouse, packing plant, dairy, shared-use kitchen, or home kitchen. Regulations often refer only to “food processing plants.” Facilities are licensed or permitted to handle...

Processing

“Food processing” is the treatment of a food substance to change its properties with the intention of preserving it, improving its quality, or making it functionally more useful. Food processing regulations are very specific for each food and/or process. A fruit or vegetable is considered “...

Standards and Licensing

The main purpose of food processing regulations and licensing is to ensure the safety of the food supply and oversee commerce. Food processing standards and regulations vary widely based on the type of food being considered and the scale of the operation. Food processing , as regulators define it,...

Food Processing

Welcome to the Food Processing in Maryland Module! Links within this module are located in the main site navigation on the left or in the sidebar located on the right. “Food processing” is the treatment of a food substance to change its properties with the intention of preserving it, improving its...

Vegetable Equipment and Irrigation

Introduction Ever wandered around a farm show or equipment dealer admiring all of the new and fancy gadgets available to farmers today? So many choices, yet so little money! Small farmers must be especially careful of expensive machinery purchases as they buck the traditional “bigger is better”...

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