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Native Plants and Climate Change

Whether in natural areas or in our gardens, climate change is affecting native plants. According to the Maryland Climate Summary, our temperatures are expected to increase 5⁰ F to 11⁰ F by 2100. Higher temperatures cause native plants to experience more heat-related stress. Heat stress causes...

Invasive Plants Cause Ecosystem-level Changes

Why are Invasive Plants a Problem? Invasive plants displace native plants, reducing both the amount of native plant cover and the number of native species present in an ecosystem. This decline reverberates up the food web, causing, for example, losses in insect and songbird diversity. This type of...

Pruning Shrubs and Hedges

Information you will find on this page: Tips | Methods | Shrubs | Hedges | Evergreens | When to Prune | Videos Pruning Tips Before you plant know the mature height and width of the plants you choose. Pruning will not keep a plant too large for its space the correct size. Pruning actually stimulates...

Deer Resistant Native Plants List

Many people have had unfortunate experiences as a result of white-tailed deer overpopulation. Lyme disease, vehicle collision, and crop loss are examples. Deer can also cause significant landscape damage. Deer resistant vegetation is a key to successful gardening in modern Maryland, but lists of...

Native Plants for Shady Slopes

Protecting a shady slope is different than protecting a sunny slope. The tree canopy intercepts raindrops, and that's a big head start on preventing erosion. Leaves shed by trees accumulate on the forest floor and intercept any raindrops that make it through the canopy. Tree roots stretch out in...

Native Plants for Sunny Slopes

Historically, alien plant species with the following attributes were used for the purpose of slope stabilization: aggressive, spreading behavior deer resistance quick germination and growth winter presence Many of these species are now regarded as invasive plants . A more modern and ecologically...

Native Plants for Meadows in Maryland's Coastal Plain

This webpage presents information about the selection of plant species for creating meadows in Maryland's two Coastal Plain ecoregions (63 and 65, below). Even when plant species are native in multiple ecoregions, local populations are often best adapted to local growing conditions. For this reason...

Pruning Trees

Information you will find on this page: Young Trees | Mature Trees | Pruning Cuts | Conifers | Timing | Tips | Videos Pruning a broken branch Pruning, or the selective removal of specific branches or stems, is an important maintenance practice that helps to keep your trees healthy for many years to...

Pruning Tools

Lopping shears Photos: Pixabay Tips Tools must be sharp to give a good clean cut. This leaves a smooth surface on the wound with no stubs, split branches, or torn bark to harbor decay organisms. Keep cutting edges sharp using a file, diamond sharpener, or whetstone. Disinfect pruning tools if there...

Native Plants for Shade

Virginia bluebells Lessons from Our Forests: How to Select and Care for Shade-Loving Native Plants Planning You can support plant biodiversity as well as pollinators and songbirds by planting locally native plants in your shade garden. Recent research suggests that if biodiversity is your motive,...

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