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Native Plants for Meadows in Maryland's Coastal Plain

This webpage presents information about the selection of plant species for creating meadows in Maryland's two Coastal Plain ecoregions (63 and 65, below). Even when plant species are native in multiple ecoregions, local populations are often best adapted to local growing conditions. For this reason...

Pruning Trees

Information you will find on this page: Young Trees | Mature Trees | Pruning Cuts | Conifers | Timing | Tips | Videos Pruning a broken branch Pruning, or the selective removal of specific branches or stems, is an important maintenance practice that helps to keep your trees healthy for many years to...

Pruning Tools

Lopping shears Photos: Pixabay Tips Tools must be sharp to give a good clean cut. This leaves a smooth surface on the wound with no stubs, split branches, or torn bark to harbor decay organisms. Keep cutting edges sharp using a file, diamond sharpener, or whetstone. Disinfect pruning tools if there...

Native Plants for Shade

Virginia bluebells Lessons from Our Forests: How to Select and Care for Shade-Loving Native Plants Planning You can support plant biodiversity as well as pollinators and songbirds by planting locally native plants in your shade garden. Recent research suggests that if biodiversity is your motive,...

Pruning Tree and Shrub Basics

Branch structure of a sycamore tree (left); Pruned hedge (right) What is Pruning? Pruning is the removal of undesirable portions of a plant. Each pruning cut should be well planned because each has the potential to affect the growth of the plant. After pruning, a plant must seal off every cut. To...

Cultivars of Native Plants

We add native plants to our yards to attract and support pollinators as they pass through. Many native bees, and all moths and butterflies, need native plants to complete their life cycles. The decline of insect populations has numerous causes, but is directly tied to the decline of natural areas...

Soil to Fill Raised Beds

Healthy soil will help you produce healthy plants in your raised bed. Soil supplies plants and soil organisms with water, air, and nutrients. Ideal garden soil is loose, deep, and crumbly. It holds water for root uptake and allows excess rainfall to percolate downward quickly. The organic matter (...

Lawns and Microclover

White clover or Dutch white clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial plant, native to Europe, which often shows up in lawns by way of seed dispersal. All clovers are legumes. Through a symbiotic relationship with Rhizobium soil bacteria, legumes are able to transform atmospheric nitrogen gas into...

Melting Ice Safely

Photo: Pixabay Each winter, people apply tons of ice-melting materials to sidewalks, driveways, and steps, often without regard to proper application procedures or to what the deicing substance contains. Careless use of deicing products can damage both the home and the environment: Overuse of some...

December Tips & Tasks

Back to Gardening Tips & Tasks Outdoor Yard and Garden Tips Evergreens like hollies, boxwoods, and pines can be moderately pruned. The trimmings can be used for holiday decorating. Carefully examine boxwood wreaths and decorative greens for symptoms of boxwood blight before purchasing. Be aware...

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