University of Maryland Extension

8. Sample Cost Sheet for Hay Operation

Cash Hay: Assumptions are based on small square bales, utilizing a pull type stack wagon for up to 200 acres. For smaller operations, eliminate stack wagon and increase hay wagons. Smaller operations (1-75 acres) may also consider eliminating one tractor, drill and boom sprayer. Equipment cost estimates based on new or near new condition.



Average new
or near new condition

Field Equipment

Tractor 60-80HP

2 or 4wd, Diesel, Cab


Tractor 40-50HP

2 wd, diesel, no cab


Mower Conditioner

Disc type, 10-12 ft. model



Wheel type, 12-15 ft. model



9-12 ft.


Baler; Small Square

Mid-size, 540 PTO, Preservative Applicator


Hay Drill(used)

No-till, 10 ft.


Stack Wagon



Boom Sprayer, 3-500 gal.

45-60 ft. boom




Pick Up (used)

¾ Ton


2 Hay Wagons





 2 Pole Buildings

High clearance for stack wagon







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