University of Maryland Extension

Wood Spurge

Marian Hengemihle
Wood Spurge

Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae

Wood spurge makes a low maintenance evergreen perennial groundcover for a wide range of conditions.  Dark green, glossy leathery leaves grow in tight rosettes on the stems. In early spring, lime green bracts appear on stalks 12 inches above the foliage and almost glow in shady spots. It grows best in well drained soils, shade to part sun. Once established, the leaves form a weed smothering carpet, spreading by underground runners. It can spread rapidly in moist rich soils and may require thinning. Like all spurges, milky sap in its stem may irritate skin, but this factor makes the plant pest-free and deer resistant.  It’s worth seeking out for problem areas such as dry shade. 


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