University of Maryland Extension


ripening strawberries

Strawberry Planting and Maintenance:

The strawberry plant is composed of leaves, a crown (compressed, modified stem), and a root system. In heavy clay soils, 90% of the roots may be located in the top 6 inches of soil. This shallow root system is largely responsible for the plant’s sensitivity to water deficit or excess.Strawberries are the ideal fruit crop for growers with very limited space. The plants are low-growing perennials that can be grown successfully in rows, beds or even pots, and make an attractive groundcover when not fruiting.

Runners (or stolons) are the strawberry plant’s device for asexual propagation. They arise from buds at the base of leaves in the crown. As the runners grow away from the original “mother” plant, their nodes root and, where they touch the soil, produce “daughter” plants.

Maintained by the IET Department of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. © 2021. Web Accessibility

University programs, activities, and facilities are available to all without regard to race, color, sex, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, marital status, age, national origin, political affiliation, physical or mental disability, religion, protected veteran status, genetic information, personal appearance, or any other legally protected class. If you need a reasonable accommodation to participate in any event or activity, please contact your local University of Maryland Extension Office.