University of Maryland Extension

Selecting and Planting Stone Fruit


Selection - recommended cultivars

PeachesListed in order of ripening
CandorEarly, medium-sized fruit. Semi-freestone, resistant to bacterial spot but susceptible to pit splitting.


A sport of Redhaven. Medium-to-large, fuzz-less, red fruit. Firm, yellow, semi-freestone flesh. Vigorous and productive.

RelianceBuds are cold-hardy. Good for gardeners in Northern and Western areas of Maryland.
RedhavenMost popular peach in Mid-Atlantic region. Red, semi-freestone fruit. Requires thorough thinning.
Raritan RoseLarge, red fruit with white flesh; excellent quality. Vigorous and productive trees.
LoringMedium-to-large red fruit over a yellow background. Can produce heavy crops but blooms early.
NewhavenSimilar to Redhaven. Very reliable with good disease resistance.
CresthavenMedium-to-large golden fruit overlaid with red. Vigorous trees require thorough thinning.
SummergloLarge, yellow fruit. Vigorous and productive trees with above-average cold hardiness.

Large, oblong fruit turns red over an orange background. Important commercial cultivar. Susceptible to bacterial spot.


Large fruit, very high quality. Blooms over a long period. Vigorous tree developed at the University of Maryland in 1931.

Red RoseMedium-sized, red fruit with white flesh. Vigorous, hardy trees.
White HaleSimilar to J.H. Hale but with white flesh. Large, high-quality fruit; productive trees.

Medium-sized, dark-blue freestone, oval in shape. Greenish-yellow flesh. Good for fresh eating, drying, and canning. Ripens mid-August.

BluefreLater and larger than Stanley. Yellow, freestone flesh.
Italian PruneMedium-to-large, purple-black fruit. Excellent quality, freestone flesh. Productive trees.
ShiroRound, yellow fruits sometimes with pink blush. Very juicy clingstone that ripens late July.
Santa RosaVery large, round, red-purplish fruit. Very high-quality, clingstone flesh.
MethleyRound, purple fruit with red blush. Ripens early to mid-July. Vigorous tree.


Large, red fruit with yellow clingstone flesh. Harvest early-to mid-August.
CherriesSweet Cherry
UlsterMedium-sized fruit with dark skin and flesh.
HedelfingenVery productive trees that begin bearing quickly. Good quality, black fruit with some cracking resistance.
VanFruit similar to Bing, but firmer. Vigorous, productive tree can tolerate harsh weather.
SamEarly ripening, large, black cherry. Large, vigorous, upright trees. Blooms later than most other cultivars.
StellaSelf-fertile, vigorous large trees (25 - 30 ft.). Large, dark-red fruit.
LapinsSelf-fertile, heavy producer. Fruit has good crack-resistance and ripens mid-July.
StarkrimsonSelf-fertile tree that only reaches 12 - 14 ft. in height. Large, red fruit ripens in early June.
Royal AnnVery old yellow cherry with pink blush. Large, productive trees.
Sour Cherries
MontmorencyVery old, standard cultivar. Red fruit with yellow flesh. Tree reaches 15 ft. at maturity with a spreading habit. Ripens in mid- to late-June.
MeteorGenetic dwarf, reaches 8 - 12 ft. at maturity. Fruit similar to Montmorency.
North StarGenetic dwarf, reaches 6 - 12 ft. Heavy producer that often begins bearing in second year. Mahogany-colored fruit is crack resistant and can remain ripe on the tree for up to two weeks.
HarcotEarly ripening, productive trees.
VeecotMedium-to-large fruit with orange, freestone flesh.
HarlayneMedium-sized fruit with orange, freestone flesh. Productive and cold-hardy.

Tree Fruit Pollination

Planting of Fruit Trees

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