University of Maryland Extension

Hillside Blueberry

hillside blueberry flower closeup
Vaccinium pallidum
 (formerly Vaccinium vacillans)
Heath Family

Maryland Distribution: dry woods and barrens

Height: 1.5-2 feet
Blooms: white to pink; April - May
Sun: full sun to shade
Soil: well-drained and acidic, any texture

Garden Use & Maintenance: Known by locals as lowbush blueberry, this shrub forms colonies that carpet the forest floor. It is useful for massing, pollinator gardens, edible landscaping, brilliant red fall color. For large natural areas fire should be considered as a maintenance option, but for the home garden simply weed out any competition. If shade becomes too deep, fruit production will stop, in which case you may wish to limb up trees or thin the canopy. Pick blueberries if desired, these are the wild blueberries you pay so much for at market, or leave them for the birds to savor.

Wildlife: The fruit is consumed by orioles, box turtles, and black bears. Flowers are pollinated by bumble bees and hummingbird moths. Lowbush blueberry is a host plant for certain chalcid wasps and several species of butterflles.

Special thanks to Wikipedia contributor fritzflohrreynolds for the photo of bee and lowbush blueberry flowers taken along the C&O Canal in April 2013.


Maintained by the IET Department of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. © 2021. Web Accessibility

University programs, activities, and facilities are available to all without regard to race, color, sex, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, marital status, age, national origin, political affiliation, physical or mental disability, religion, protected veteran status, genetic information, personal appearance, or any other legally protected class. If you need a reasonable accommodation to participate in any event or activity, please contact your local University of Maryland Extension Office.