University of Maryland Extension

Garlic mustard

Back to Invasive Plant Photos and Information

Garlic mustard *
Alliaria petiolata

garlic mustard

Life cycle: Biennial invasive prefers shady forest and floodplain. 
Growth habit: Round to kidney-shaped leaves in rosettes the first year. Following spring, forms erect 1- to 4-ft. shoots with more triangular leaves, and begins flowering and dies by summer. Terminal spikes of white, 4-petaled flowers.

garlic mustard flowers
Closeup of flowers
Photo: Chris Evans, University of Illinois,

garlic mustard covering the forest floor
Garlic mustard growing in a natural area
Photo: Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service,

Reproduction: Mustard-like seeds in long, slender, upright capsules.

Additional Information

Recipes: (PDF) Garlic Mustard Recipes


Maintained by the IET Department of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. © 2020. Web Accessibility