University of Maryland Extension

Garlic mustard

Back to Invasive Plant Photos and Information

Garlic mustard *
Alliaria petiolata

garlic mustard

Life cycle: Biennial invasive prefers shady forest and floodplain. 
Growth habit: Round to kidney-shaped leaves in rosettes the first year. Following spring, forms erect 1- to 4-ft. shoots with more triangular leaves, and begins flowering and dies by summer. Terminal spikes of white, 4-petaled flowers.

garlic mustard flowers
Closeup of flowers
Photo: Chris Evans, University of Illinois,

garlic mustard covering the forest floor
Garlic mustard growing in a natural area
Photo: Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service,

Reproduction: Mustard-like seeds in long, slender, upright capsules.

Additional Information

Recipes: (PDF) Garlic Mustard Recipes


Maintained by the IET Department of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. © 2021. Web Accessibility

University programs, activities, and facilities are available to all without regard to race, color, sex, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, marital status, age, national origin, political affiliation, physical or mental disability, religion, protected veteran status, genetic information, personal appearance, or any other legally protected class. If you need a reasonable accommodation to participate in any event or activity, please contact your local University of Maryland Extension Office.