University of Maryland Extension

Garlic mustard

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Garlic mustard *
Alliaria petiolata

garlic mustard

Life cycle: Biennial invasive prefers shady forest and floodplain. 
Growth habit: Round to kidney-shaped leaves in rosettes the first year. Following spring, forms erect 1- to 4-ft. shoots with more triangular leaves, and begins flowering and dies by summer. Terminal spikes of white, 4-petaled flowers.

garlic mustard flowers
Closeup of flowers
Photo: Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org

garlic mustard covering the forest floor
Garlic mustard growing in a natural area
Photo: Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org

Reproduction: Mustard-like seeds in long, slender, upright capsules.

Additional Information

Recipes: (PDF) Garlic Mustard Recipes

 

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