University of Maryland Extension


Generate More “Word of Mouth” Referrals Mastering Marketing - February 2016
Laundering Clothing After Pesticide Applications After completing a pesticide application, it’s important to follow the correct procedures for removing and cleaning personal protective equipment (PPE) and clothing. While you should always read and follow any cleaning directions on the pesticide label, most product labels do not give specific information for washing clothes.
Toxic Plant Profile: Rhododendron and Azalea Accidental poisoning of livestock is statistically most likely to occur from ingestion of plants in pasture or hay, but poisoning can also occur from ingestion of ornamental plants. One common ornamental in our area – rhododendron – is toxic to livestock and can be fatal.
Key Considerations for Your Next Nutrient Management Plan Manure Applications in High FIV-P Fields
Toxic Plant Profile: Black Walnut Black walnut trees are considered toxic but are unique from most other toxic plants. They are safe to all livestock except horses, and horses are generally only affected by shavings made from the tree. Black walnut trees are, however, toxic to some species of plants if growing within a certain range of the tree.
Preparing for Winter on the Farm Winter is coming! Are you ready? While we can’t predict whether it will be a mild winter or a harsh one, now is the time to prepare for the possibility of severe winter storms. Here are a few tips to help keep things running smoothly in the event that Mother Nature presents us with challenges.
Manure: Dollars and Cents Have you ever wondered how much a manure application is worth for your operation? Manure and other organic products have an economic value because they provide nutrients for crops and save money on fertilizer expense. However, assigning an exact dollar value can be a bit complicated.
Choosing PPE for Pesticide Applications Personal protective equipment (PPE) is required by law and by common sense when making any pesticide application. How do you choose the proper PPE for a job? The pesticide label will tell you the minimum PPE required, but it’s a good idea to have your own understanding of what kinds of PPE are best in different scenarios. What should you wear?
Toxic Plant Profile: Yew Unlike most of the toxic plants we have featured recently, yew is not commonly found in pastures or hay but is rather an ornamental plant. For this reason, yew poisoning is uncommon – but it’s not unheard of. Yew is highly toxic to livestock and even to humans.
Toxic Plant Profile: Milkweed and Dogbane Milkweed is relatively well-known because it’s the primary food source for monarch butterfly larvae. It is, however, toxic to livestock. Dogbane, while lesser-known, is a milkweed relative that is also toxic.
Tomato Ripening August 2015
Blossom End Rot in Tomatoes This is just a reminder with the peculiar weather we have had lately with stretches of very high temperatures then cooler days and throw in the very heavy down pours we have had over the last few weeks, blossom end rot can become a real problem in tomatoes.
Fall Soil Sampling Soil samples are good for three years for Nutrient Management Plan development. Expired soil sample analyses must be replaced! Use your Nutrient Management Plan (NMP) to quickly determine fields in need of sampling. Look at the “Test Date” column on the “Soil Test Results” page of your NMP. Highlight expired soil sample analysis and work off this sheet for sampling.
Toxic Plant Profile: Sorghums This article originally appeared in the September 2015 issue of Harford County's "Ag Notes" newsletter.
Improve Spring Pastures by Amending in Fall     Although fall marks the end of the growing season and is harvest time for most other crops, it’s the best time to make improvements to pasture. Are there bare spots in your pastures? Has it been really weedy this year? Are you considering some minor renovations to enhance next year’s growth? If so, FALL is the time to act!
Jump Start Your Fall Marketing Season Now Mastering Marketing - August 2015
Keeping Horses on a Budget Horses are expensive to care for, and the costs can quickly become burdensome unless they are managed carefully. It is possible, however, to reduce horse care costs while providing a high standard of care.
Soil Organic Matter As part of soil testing, we have an option to choose to test soil level Organic Matter (OM).  In general, folks know that higher OM levels are more desirable. However, in many cases, there is an extra charge. So why is it important to know the levels of organic matter in our soils? Organic Matter Defined
Toxic Plant Profile: Prunus Species All 400-plus Prunus species are toxic to livestock. Prunus is a genus comprised of both deciduous and evergreen plants, but the most commonly recognized species are the stone fruits: cherries, peaches, plums, almonds, apricots, and nectarines. All parts of the plant are toxic except the mature fruits.
Best Practices for Animal Quarantine Quarantining new and sick animals is a practice that most livestock producers are familiar with. With the spreading avian flu predicted to reach Maryland in the coming months, it’s also something that’s been on the forefront of my mind recently. We all know that quarantine is important in reducing the spread of disease, but it must be done properly to be effective.
Highlights from the Harford County Agricultural Needs Assessment Harford County, located in north central Maryland, is largely a suburban county but still retains a significant and thriving agricultural industry with 75,000 acres (27%) of the county’s land area devoted to farming. Population and development in the county have increased over the past decade, however, which has created many obvious pressures for the industry.
Toxic Plant Profile: Hemlock There are two types of hemlock: water hemlock and poison hemlock. Although counterintuitive, water hemlock is ten times more poisonous than poison hemlock.
Toxic Plants and Accidental Poisoning Many plants that are commonly found in and around pastures and hay fields can cause poisoning in livestock animals. In many cases it may be impossible to completely remove all toxic plants, but having the proper knowledge about how to manage against poisoning by toxic plants can be enough to prevent it.


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