University of Maryland Extension

General

Adverse Childhood Experiences, Recognition and Response in 4-H Programming

This fact sheet introduces readers to the findings of the landmark ACEs study conducted by the CDC and the Kaiser Foundation. Warning signs of excessive adversity and the strategies that youth development practitioners may employ to promote resiliency are detailed.

NIche Marketing-Outside of the Box, but in the Black

The Mid-Atlantic Region, which Maryland anchors, is the 4th most populous region in the country. This offers tremendous direct-to-consumer markets as well as institutional markets such as schools, colleges, and governmental agencies. Direct marketing can give farmers a larger share of the food...

Manure to Energy Byproducts are Useful Nutrient Sources

Manure is a great fertilizer for nutrient-poor soils. However, when transport costs limit utilization, alternative uses such as energy production become viable. In most cases, manure-to-energy practices produce nutrient-rich byproducts that can be used as a soil amendment. While nitrogen (N) may be...

A Mindfulness-based Approach in Reducing Stress

Stress is a universal phenomenon. It is crucial for the human existence as it helps us prepare for the challenges and threats of daily life. However, chronic exposure to stress can deeply impact our health and wellbeing. Hence it is important to manage daily stresses. Mindfulness is one of the key...

Maryland Farm Internships and Labor Laws

Many farms across Maryland use interns to lighten the overall farm workload and help young people gain practical farming knowledge. Although interns can be a welcome addition to a farm’s workforce, farm employers need to be aware of how to properly compensate interns and the legal consequences of...

Stress and Health

We usually associate “stress” with overpowering emotions and out of control situations. It is true in most cases, however, it is not the whole truth. Stress is a body’s respone to a change. It helps in preparing for uncertainty and urgent situations. However, chronic exposure to stress can lead to...

Managing Deer Damage in Maryland (EB-354)

The white-tailed deer is of great economic and aesthetic importance to Maryland citizens. But an overpopulation of deer can result in negative consequences, such as damaged crops, landscapes, and forests, and safety concerns due to deer vehicle collisions and Lyme disease. State, local and private...

Landowner Liability and Recreational Access (EB-357)

The increasing interest of the general public in outdoor recreation activities, the limited amount of public land available, and increasing development of open space have created greater pressure on private rural land for recreation. Private landowners in Maryland will benefit from understanding...

Buying a Secondhand Wood Stove (FS-938)

Wood stoves are one of the appliances that generally should be purchased new. This fact sheet reviews why and why not to buy a used stove, and how and where to buy one. For example, if you’re going to use the stove more than twice a week during the winter, get a new one. You will end up paying less...

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