University of Maryland Extension

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the current average rental rate for farm land in Carroll County?

The most accurate and reliable information we have on farm land rental rates comes from the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) of the United States Department of Agriculture:

  • Carroll County non-irrigated crop land, average for 2011 = $58.00 per acre
  • Carroll County non-irrigated crop land, average for 2012 = $79.50 per acre
  • Carroll County pasture land, average for 2011 & 2012 is not provided. Generally, it is about half of the values given above.

View the entire report here

My pesticide private applicator certification is expired. What do I do?

You have a 90 day grace period from the time your certification expires to attend a re-certification training session. If your certification expired last December 31, you will not be permitted to purchase restricted use pesticides. However, you will have until March 30 to attend recertification training. If you do not recertify within the 90 days you will have to retake and pass the pesticide applicator test via the Maryland Department of Agriculture before you can purchase restricted use pesticides. Contact the Carroll County Extension office for times and dates for recertification training.

I attended private applicator pesticide re-certification training, and I have not received my new card in the mail. What happened?

When you attend pesticide re-certification training, always be sure to sign in on the Maryland Department of Agriculture (MDA) attendance sheet. After training, we send this attendance sheet to MDA. MDA will send re-certification paperwork to those recorded as present on the attendance sheet via snail mail. Keep in mind that this processing by MDA can take several weeks. Once you receive the paperwork in the mail, you must complete and mail it back along with your renewal fee. You should receive your private applicator card in the mail shortly after. If you attended training and did not receive paperwork in the mail, or if you mailed back your paperwork and fee and have not received your new card, contact MDA at 1-800-492-5590.

I have buttercup in my pasture. How do I get rid of it?

A number of buttercup species (Ranunculus sp.) are quite visible in many pastures this time of year. This genus includes about 600 species. They are mostly herbaceous perennials with bright yellow or white flowers, but some are annual or biennial. Buttercups are poisonous to livestock, but are generally left uneaten because of their acrid taste.

Buttercups in pasture are generally a symptom of overgrazing and in general not enough attention paid to pasture management. Due to the poisonous nature of this weed and its ability to cause harm to humans the physical removal of this weed should be avoided unless appropriate PPE is available in the form of gloves and goggles. The tiny seeds are easily dislodged and manual or mechanical control or removal will facilitate weed seed spread unless the weed in not in a reproductive state which is mainly over the winter period. Due to the requirement for high soil moisture levels, targeting this weed during time of drought may assist in its control.

You can control or reduce the buttercups with several herbicides, but they will return the next season if additional management is not included (rotational grazing, fertility and pH, drainage, overseeding, etc.). If you are willing to use an herbicide, when is the best time is to control buttercups in pasture? For both annuals and perennials, trying to control or suppress them prior to seed production in early summer would be helpful. However, as it is for most perennials, a well-timed late summer application may be most effective.

Chemicals (per acre): Treatment and Rate (2,4D rate based on 3.8 lb/gallon formulation)

  • 2, 4-D 1.0 to 1.5 qt – Good; 2.0 qt – Good
  • Dicamba (Banvel or Clarity) 2.0 pt – Fair to Good; 4.0 pt – Good
  • 2, 4-D + dicamba, 1.0 to 1.5 qt + 1.0 pt – Good
  • Overdrive 8.0 oz – Fair
  • MCPA 1.0 pt – Fair
  • Methsulfuron 0.1 to 0.2 oz – Fair to Good; 0.3 to 0.4 oz Good
  • Crossbow 1.0 to 2.0 qt – Fair to Good; 3.0 to 4.0 Good
  • PastureGard HL 0.75 to 1.0 pt – Fair; 1.5 pt – Fair to Good
  • Remedy 2.0 to 4.0 pt – Fair
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