University of Maryland Extension

attracts pollinators

How to Attract and Conserve Pollinators/Natural Enemies in Your Garden

Swallowtail butterfly nectaring on butterfly weed
Many beneficial insects feed on the pollen and nectar provided by flowering plants. They also need the shelter offered by: Perennial plants growing in untilled areas Woody plant material such as unused firewood Undisturbed soil in areas that are not mowed or cultivated You can be the architect of a...

Blanket flower, Gaillardia

Gaillardia x grandiflora Add sizzle to your summer garden in shades of orange, burgundy red, and yellow with this perennial flower. Its daisy-like flowers bloom from spring to early fall. Blanket flower is an easy-to-care for plant, handling drought and heat with ease. It can even grow in almost...

Tiarella, Allegheny foamflower

Tiarella cordifolia Tiarella is royalty among native ground covers. Attractiveness peaks in late spring with bottlebush flowers arise with dainty white to pink “stars” on dark flower stalks. The maple leaf-shaped foliage slowly spreads to form a mat of overlapping leaves about 6-10 inches above the...

Blue Mist Flower, Hardy Ageratum

Conoclinium coelestrium Blue is not a common bloom color this time of year. Yet hardy ageratum, with its fuzzy-headed old-fashioned look, adds its blue-purple toned flowers and attracts butterflies to the garden from late summer until late in fall. Native to the eastern U.S., hardy ageratum looks...

Ironweed, New York Ironweed

Ironweed
Vernonia noveboracensis The rich glowing purple of ironweed blooms pop against the warm autumn hues of goldenrod and mums. Depending upon its site, ironweed may reach 4 feet in the back of the perennial bed or soar 7 feet or more. This Maryland native is a butterfly favorite. Plant in full sun to...

Featured Plants - Shasta Daisy 'Becky'

Shasta Daisy ‘Becky’ photo by Marian Hengemihle
Leucanthemum x superbum It’s easy to see why Shasta daisy cultivar ‘Becky’ earned the distinctive "Perennial Plant of the Year” award for 2003. Showy and reliable this clump-forming perennial is a must have for your summer garden. The large flowers are a clear white held on strong stems that...

Featured Plants - Heliopsis

Heliopsis helianthoides Heliopsis bears bright yellow daisy-like flower in glorious profusion from early-summer through early-autumn. This under-utilized native perennial, also known as oxeye sunflower, is a bushy plant, useful in a sunny summer flower border or wildflower meadow. They are magnets...

Featured Plants - Bearded Iris

Bearded Iris - Photo by Minnesota Extension
Iris germanica Rainbows with beards? Iris means rainbow in Greek, yet iris come in more colors than a rainbow. Their beard , a fuzzy appendage on the lower petal, apparently attracts or directs pollinators to pollen. Richly fragrant with big flower heads, iris make a big statement in spring. Now...

Featured Plants - Stokes' Aster

Stokes’Aster - Photo by Marian Hengemihle
Stokesia laevis ‘Klaus Jelitto’ Native to the southeastern US, this easy to grow perennial makes a colorful addition to sunny borders, containers, and wildflower or cutting gardens. In summer floral arrangements, blooms persist about a week after cutting. ‘Klaus Jelitto’ variety, named for the...
Maintained by the IET Department of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. © 2017. Web Accessibility