University of Maryland Extension

Maryland Rural Enterprise Development Center

Base Name: 
mredc

Rules for Specific Foods

(Use the the navigation to the right to further explore Meat , Poultry and Rabbit , Dairy , Eggs , Baked Goods , Fruits and Vegetables , Cottage Food Business Law in Maryland and General categories.) Food processing regulations are specific to each type of food. Different agencies regulate...

Maryland

Maryland FAQs What Maryland agency or department is responsible for food safety? Food safety administration includes both food service and food processing. Food service is serving ready-to-eat food for consumption on premises or take-out. Food processing is production of food for commercial...

Local

Local health inspectors are the front lines of food safety. Local health departments are responsible for food safety regulation at the local level, including enforcement of federal and state regulations. Therefore it is very important for farmers and entrepreneurs to know a local health inspector’s...

State

A state department of agriculture is analogous to the USDA. A state department of public health is analogous to the FDA. Like the USDA and the FDA, state departments of agriculture and departments of public health often share jurisdiction over food quality, safety, sales, and marketing. State...

Federal

USDA and FDA share federal jurisdiction over food quality, safety, sales, and marketing. All food in “interstate commerce” — food produced in one state and sold in another state — must meet requirements of USDA and/or FDA. Food sold retail or wholesale must come from “an approved source” as defined...

Agencies and Jurisdictions

At the federal level the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) have jurisdiction, which means they have the authority to make and enforce regulations applicable to any state or territory. Within the USDA is the Food Safety Inspection Service (...

Distribution

Regulation of food distribution — moving food from wherever it is produced or stored to the place where it will be sold — begins with the licensing of food processing facilities. A USDA or FDA licensed facility may distribute food anywhere in the United States. Distributing food between states is...

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