University of Maryland Extension

Home and Garden Information Center

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Tree Fruits - Pest Control and Spray Schedules

Common Problems - Tree Fruit Domesticated fruit trees are prone to many diseases and pests that require close management. Controls include cultural methods, such as removing diseased fruit, as well as organic and non-organic sprays. Early spray applications are timed to control serious diseases and...

Fruit Trees - Fruit Thinning

Back to Tree Fruits Photo: Thinning young fruit from a peach tree The practice of fruit thinning contributes to your orchard’s success. It is recommended for apples, pears, nectarines, plums, and peaches. Reasons for Thinning Reasons for thinning are slightly different than those for pruning: A...

Apples - Care (fertilizing, fruit thinning, harvesting, spray schedule)

Back to apples Fertilizing One month after planting : Broadcast 8 oz. of 10-10-10 fertilizer over a two-foot circle. Keep the fertilizer six inches away from the trunk and broadcast it evenly. Do not put any fertilizer in the hole before planting. In June, after planting: Broadcast another 8 oz. of...

Apples

Back to Tree Fruits Apples Planting and Maintenance: Selection and Planting Care (fertilizing, fruit thinning, harvesting, spray schedule) Training and Pruning Common Problems Apples are excellent candidates for your home garden, as long as you are committed to the attention to detail and pest...

Tree Fruit: Planting

Back to Getting Started - Tree Fruits Plant your trees as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring or from mid- to late September into fall. Before planting soil testing is recommended. Site Selection The planning and care that goes into the site selection process will pay big dividends over...

Tree Fruit - Pollination

Back to Getting Started - Tree Fruit Cherry blossoms Pollination Requirements Pollination involves the transfer of pollen from the anthers to the stigmas of flowers. Depending on the type of plant, pollination can occur when pollen is transferred from the anthers to the stigmas of the same flower,...

Apples - Selection and Planting

Back to Apples Photo: University of Illinois Extension Service Selection Because there are many insect and disease pests of tree fruits (especially apple and peach), it is very difficult to grow quality fruit in Maryland without some use of pesticides. To minimize problems, consider purchasing...

Armored (Hard) Scale - Trees and Shrubs

Euonymus scale Also look at Soft scale Scale insects belong to a large group of sucking insects that attack a wide variety of trees and shrubs. Generally, they are divided into two categories, armored (hard) and soft scale. Heavy infestations may cause leaf yellowing, stunting, and dieback. Eggs...

Soft Scales - Trees and Shrubs

Cottony camellia scale Also see Armored (h ard scales) for additional scale insects. Scale insects belong to a large group of sucking insects that attack a wide variety of trees and shrubs. Generally, they are divided into two categories, armored (hard) and soft scale. Heavy infestations may cause...

Foxglove Beardtongue

Penstemon digitalis Perennial Forb Snapdragon Family The blossoms of Foxglove Beardtongue contain purple stripes that guide bees into the nectar reward, and hairy "tongues" that make the pollination process more efficient. Maryland Distribution: Moist meadows, woodland openings, throughout the...

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