University of Maryland Extension

Grow It Eat It

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growit

Hardening - get 'em ready for the great outdoors!

Hardening is the process of exposing transplants gradually to outdoor conditions. It enables your transplants to withstand the changes in environmental conditions they will face when planted outside in the garden. It encourages a change from soft, succulent growth to a firmer, harder growth. Begin...

Potting up...

If plants have not been seeded in individual containers, they must be potted up (a.k.a. “pricking out” or “transplanting up”) into a larger individual container to give them proper growing space. One of the most common mistakes gardeners make is leaving seedlings in the seed flat too long. The...

Seedling Care

Light After germination, seedlings require strong light. Place them 1-2” beneath a fluorescent fixture for 14 to16 hours a day. Attaching thin chain or wire to either end of your light fixture will allow you to raise and lower the tubes. Tomato seedlings stretched from lack of sunlight. Tomato and...

Plant the Seeds of Your Success

The proper time to sow seeds for transplants depends on when plants may safely be moved out-of-doors in your area. This period may range from 2-3 weeks (lettuce) to 8 weeks (pepper, eggplant) before transplanting, depending on the speed of germination and rate of growth (see “Germination...

Containers and Growing Medium

Containers Almost any clean container may be used provided it allows for good drainage and is at least 2” deep. Save money by reusing cottage cheese and yogurt containers, milk cartons, aluminum pans, and clear clamshells from the produce department or deli. 4-cell and 6-cell packs Black plastic...

Lights! Action!

The natural light from a window is seldom enough for good, strong seedling growth. They will usually stretch and lean towards the light and will not produce sturdy plants. Sowing seeds indoors under fluorescent lights is the easiest way for the home gardener to control growing conditions and grow...

Starting Vegetable/Flower Seeds Indoors

Starting seeds indoors is about as much fun as a food gardener can have in late winter! The idea is to grow baby plants (a.k.a. transplants or starts) for 2-8 weeks (depending on the vegetable and rate of plant growth) and then plant outdoors where the crops will mature and be harvested. Just about...

Fruits

Photo credit: Suzanne Klick Small fruits Tree fruits Selecting Fruit Crops and Varieties Growing fruit does not begin with the planting of a seedling, nor does it end with the harvesting of fruit. Careful selection of fruit types and varieties, choosing the right site and its preparation are key...

Youth Gardening

Gardening isn't just for adults! According to the National Gardening Association, "it boosts kids' interest in school and learning, improves their attitudes about eating healthful foods and caring for the environment, helps them develop social skills and self-esteem, and gives them a feeling of...

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