University of Maryland Extension

Beef Production

Approximately 54% of all agricultural sales in the state of Maryland is from livestock sales. There were over 190,000 cattle and calves in Maryland in 2012. Beef production is concentrated in the central and western regions of the state, as are beef slaughter facilities.

Take a look at the resources below for the basics of beef production.

General | Economics | Breeding and Reproductive | Health | Nutrition | Facilities

General

  • Kentucky Beef Book (ID-108)
    University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension

    The University of Kentucky Extension created the Kentucky Beef Book, while being written with Kentucky producers in mind, the general applications of beef production still apply to producers in Maryland. The document covers facilities, reproduction, breeding programs, health, feeding, marketing, and the economics of beef production.

  • Beef Cattle Breeds and Biological Types (Publication 400-803)
    Virginia Cooperative Extension

    This publication discusses beef cattle breeds and biological types in this publication. With more than 250 breeds worldwide, use this publication to familiarize yourself with the common breeds and their characteristics.

General | Economics | Breeding and Reproductive | Health | Nutrition | Facilities

Economics

  • Economic Factors Affecting Cow Herd Performance (AGEC-595)
    Oklahoma State University - Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service

    Use this publication by Oklahoma State University to learn about the Economic Factors Affecting Cow Herd Performance, including cow herd size, investment in land, investment in machinery, investments in livestock calving percentage, calving death loss, and the breeding season length.  

General | Economics | Breeding and Reproductive | Health | Nutrition | Facilities

Breeding & Reproductive Management

  • Beef Sire Selection Manual
    National Beef Cattle Evaluation Consortium

    The National Beef Cattle Evaluation Consortium publishes the Beef Sire Selection Manual. This publication provides information about breed and composite selection, data collection, EPDs, and genetics to aid in breeding and reproduction management.

  • Keeping Production Records for the Beef Herd (ASC-150)
    University fo Kentucky Cooperative Extension

    University of Kentucky Extension provides this short publication on Keeping Production Records for the Beef Herd. It tells you how to get started, what to focus on during breeding season, pregnancy testing, calving, and weaning.

  • Managing Body Condition to Improve Reproductive Efficiency in Beef Cows (ASC-162)
    University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension

    University of Kentucky Extension provides information on how to keep cows conditions during reproduction in their publication Managing Body Condition to Improve Reproductive Efficiency in Beef Cows. 

General | Economics | Breeding and Reproductive | Health | Nutrition | Facilities

Health Management

General | Economics | Breeding and Reproductive | Health | Nutrition | Facilities

Nutrition Management

  • Estimating Winter Hay Needs for Beef Cattle
    University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension

    Use University of Kentucky Extension Estimating Hay Needs Calculator to determine your herds’ hay needs.

  • Beef Feed Ration Calculator
    Virginia Cooperative Extension

    Use Virginia Cooperative Extension Beef Feed Ration Calculator to balance rations and determine costs.

  • Using a Grazing Stick for Pasture Management
    University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension

    Learn how to use a Grazing Stick to better manage your grazing with this University of Kentucky publication on Using a Grazing Stick for Pasture Management.

General | Economics | Breeding and Reproductive | Health | Nutrition | Facilities

Facilities

  • Fencing Material for Livestock Systems
    Virginia Cooperative Extension

    Use Virginia Cooperative Extension’s publication on Fencing Material for Livestock Systems to learn about fencing types including woven wire, electric, barbed wire, cable, mesh wire, board fences, and more.

  • Planning Fencing Systems for Intensive Grazing Management
    University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension

    University of Kentucky Extension provides information on how to set up your farm for intensive grazing with their short publication on Planning Fencing Systems for Intensive Grazing Management.

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