University of Maryland Extension

Part 9: Resources for Further Study

Native Plant Essentials Online Course

Resources List

Last Update 3/19/14

Organizations/Online Resources
•    Biota of North America Program (a multitude of useful maps, including species distribution by county for the entire US) (
•    Chesapeake Conservation Landscaping Council (
•    Maryland Native Plant Society (, see especially plant hike lists
•    The Maryland Biodiversity Project (
•    Maryland Department of Natural Resources (2007). Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants of Maryland.
•    Maryland Geological Survey.  Geologic Map of Anne Arundel County (
•    Maryland Geological Society ( Monthly field trips.
•    Metzger, J. 1995. Maryland Native Plants: A Master Checklist.
•    Check your local park, government campus, etc., for published plant lists.
•    The state herbarium online: The Norton Brown Herbarium, Dept. of Plant Sciences & Landscape Architecture, University of Maryland (
•    The national herbarium online: Dept. of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. ( - search for specimens of any plant species in the digital collection.
•    USGS The Chesapeake Bolide: Modern Consequences of an Ancient Cataclysm ( About the impact crater.
•    University of Maryland Extension, Bay-Wise Program website includes list of nurseries that sell natives and many other resources (

•    Brown, M.L. & R.G. Brown (1984). Herbaceous Plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland. 1127pp.
•    Brown, M.L. & R.G. Brown (1972). Woody Plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland. 347pp.
•    Bureau of Land Management (2008). Technical Protocol for the Collection, Study, and Conservation of Seeds from Native Plant Species for Seeds of Success. ( – in case you decide to grow some of your own plants.
•    Chesapeake Conservation Landscaping Council. The Eight Essential Elements of Conservation Landscaping. (  See also info on their annual conference.
•    Harrison, Jason W. 2011. The Natural Communities of Maryland: 2011 Working list of Ecological Community Groups and Community Types. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Wildlife and Heritage Service, Natural Heritage Program, Annapolis, Maryland. Unpublished report. 33 pages. (
•    Schmidt, Martin Jr. 2010. Maryland’s Geology. Schiffer Publishing Ltd. Atglen PA. 
•    Shetler, S. and S. Orli.  Flora of the Washington-Baltimore Region, two parts ( - look for the links in the text marked “Part I” and “Part II”).
•    Slattery, B.E., K. Reshetiloff & S.M. Zwicker (2003). Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Chesapeake Bay Field Office, Annapolis, Maryland. 82 pp. (warning: includes species that are rare in MD without noting that fact)
•    Stein, Sara. 1993. Noah's Garden: Restoring the Ecology of Our Own Backyards.
•    Tallamy, D.W. (2007). Bringing Nature Home: How Native Plants Sustain Wildlife in Our Gardens. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon. 288 pp.

•    Beck, K.G, K. Zimmerman, J.D. Schardt, J. Stone, R.R. Lukens, S. Reichard, J. Randall, A.A. Cangelosi, D. Cooper & J.P. Thompson (2008). Invasive Species Defined in a Policy Context: Recommendations from the Federal Invasive Species Advisory Committee. Invasive Plant Science and Management. 1: 414–421.
•    Brush, Grace, C. Lenk and J. Smith. 1976, rev. 1980. The Vegetation Map of Maryland: The Existing Natural Forests
•    Brush, Grace, C. Lenk and J. Smith. 1980. The Natural Forests of Maryland: An Explanation of the Vegetation Map of Maryland.  Ecological Monographs, 50:1 77-92.
•    Chowdhury, Shahrina.  11/18/2002. Introduced Species Summary Project: Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae). Center for Environmental Research and Conservation, Columbia University.
•    Grabowski, Janet, B. Baldwin and P. Meints.  (2004).  Selecting for Improved Seedling Establishment in Beaked Panicum.  Jamie L. Whitten Plant Materials Center 2004 Annual Technical Report.  p.16-17. (example of modification of seed dormancy for cultivar development)
•    Gustafson, D.J., D.J. Gibson and D.L. Nickrent (2005). Using Local Seeds in Prairie Restoration: Data Support the Paradigm. Native Plants Journal 6(1): 25-28.
•    Maryland Native Plant Society (2002). Guidelines for Collecting Seeds From Native Plants.  Printable brochure.
•    Norcini, J.G., J.H. Aldrich, L.A. Halsey & J.G. Lilly (1998). Seed Source Affects Performance of Six Wildflower Species. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 111: 4-9.
•    Rhymer, J. and D. Simberloff. 1996. Extinction by Hybridization and Introgression. Annual Review of Ecology & Systematics. 27:83-109
•    Rogers, D. (2004). Genetic Erosion. Native Plants Journal 5(2): 113-122.
•    Woods, A., J. Omernik, and D. Brown. 1999. LEVEL III AND IV ECOREGIONS OF DELAWARE, MARYLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, 200 SW 35th Street, Corvallis, Oregon 97333 (maps at
Young, S.A., B. Schrumpf, and E. Amberson. (2003). The AOSCA Native Plant Connection: The Need for Native Plant Genetic Information. Bulletin of the Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies. Meridian, Idaho. (

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