Target Marketing involves breaking a market into segments and then concentrating your marketing efforts on one or a few key segments. Having a good grasp on your target market makes the promotion, pricing and distribution of your products and/or services easier and more cost-effective. It provides a focus to all of your marketing activities.
Targeting a specific market does not mean that you are excluding people who do not fit your criteria. Rather, target marketing allows you to focus your marketing dollars and brand message on a specific market that is more likely to buy from you than other markets.
Example of target market segments for locally grown foods or local services include:
But simply identifying your target segments and hoping you’re reaching those customers may not be enough to guarantee your marketing success. Trying to guess at your marketing strategy and effectiveness is a guaranteed way to fail. People and market dynamics are just too complicated.
Everything you do in your business will be a test. When you try something that produces good results, you’ll keep it. When you do something that doesn’t produce, you need to stop doing it. Sounds simple, but a surprising number of businesses keep repeating a marketing strategy because it’s easier, or they don’t have another, or they’ve convinced themselves it’s a good approach with willful disinformation.
To grow your business effectively, it’s vital that you know what is working and what isn’t. There just isn’t enough time, energy, and money to waste on things that produce nothing for your company. Tracking is simply keeping track of what marketing efforts you are using, and exactly how many responses you are getting from each one. Ask customers how they heard about the business, collect coupons, code sales offers and mailing responses. Without this information, you’ll waste a great deal of time and money, and lose even more in missed sales.
According to Mitch Levinson’s Guerilla Marketing concepts, you can be pretty sure you’re not marketing properly if any of these seven danger signals are present:
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