University of Maryland Extension University of Maryland

College of Agriculture & Natural Resources

Virginia creeper

Virginia creeper
Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia creeper

Life cycle: deciduous, woody vine
Growth habit: stems trailing or climbing by tendrils with adhesive discs; leaves alternate, palmately compoind, usually 5 leaflets but sometimes 3 or 7, football to egg-shaped, margins toothed; often mistaken for poison ivy which has 3 leaflets and climbs by aerial roots
Reproduction: usually spread by seed but stems will root when they touch the ground; flowers greenish in clusters; blue-black berries
Conditions that favor growth: valued for ornamental fall color; common weed of landscapes; tolerates a wide range of conditions
Cultural control: remove young seedlings by hand to keep vines from taking control

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IET Departmentof the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. © 2014.