University of Maryland Extension

Pollinators and Natural Enemies

Did you know that over 1,000 different types (species) of insects reside on the average size home lot? Many of them are beneficial to us in that they pollinate our plants and prey on plant pests. Most other insects are not directly beneficial to us, but serve as an important food source for other species.


Pollinators include butterflies, bees, and numerous
other insects that assist in plant reproduction.
World-wide, one out of three bites of food is possible
because of pollinating insects.

 Kathy Keatley Garvey, UCANR
Honey bee visiting a cucumber flower
Photo: Kathy Keatley Garvey, UCANR

Natural Enemies

Predators, parasitoids, and certain diseases are
natural enemies that control plant pests in our
gardens and mostly go unnoticed.

 Susan Levi-Goerlich
Praying mantis eating a brown
marmorated stinkbug 
Photo: Susan Levi-Goerlich

Attracting Pollinators/Natural Enemies 

Plant a wide variety of flowering plants,
including herbs, to give the "good guys" food
and a place to hang out.

Monarch butterfly caterpillar on milkweed
Monarch butterfly caterpillar
on Asclepias tuberosa

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