University of Maryland Extension

Lawn Weed Identification

Back to Tips for Weed Control

Step 1 - Identify the weed with the images below! 
Step 2 - 
Control Options 
Conditions that favor lawn weed growth

If you can't find the answer to your plant problem here, send a photo to Ask an Expert!

Click on a weed type to jump down the page
Broadleaf winter annual weedsBroadleaf summer annual weedsBroadleaf perennial weeds
Grassy winter annual weedsGrassy summer annual weedsGrassy perennial weeds

Broadleaf winter annual weeds - Seeds germinate from late summer through fall. Weeds over winter and continue to grow in early spring.  Control with a broadleaf postemergent herbicide applied when the weeds are actively growing in the spring. The exception is chickweed which can also be controlled with a preemergent applied in early September before it germinates. However, you would not be able to sow grass seed in the fall.

flowering chickweed
Chickweed
dead nettle with purple flowers
Dead nettle
hairy bittercress with tiny white flowers
Hairy bittercress

henbit and flowers
Henbit 

 

knawel foliage
Knawel

flowering shepherd's purse

Shepherd's purse 
(photo U. Mass Amherst) 

 

speedwell with purple flowers
Speedwell (Veronica)

Broadleaf summer annual weeds - Seeds begin to germinate as soils begin to warm up in early spring and continue to germinate throughout the growing season. Annual weeds complete their entire life cycle in a single growing season. However, some of these weeds can also be perennials or biennials.  Control with a broadleaf postemergent herbicide applied when the weed is actively growing.

black medic and yellow flowers

Black medic

carpet weed
Carpetweed
low growing lespedeza
Common lespedeza
knotweed foliage
Knotweed

mallow foliage

Mallow

prostrate spurge foliage
Prostrate spurge
 (photo 

Jack Harper Penn. State)

purslane weed
Purslane

 

Broadleaf Perennial Weeds – Perennials are persistent from year to year. They reproduce by seed and also by vegetative means. This is the largest group of weeds. They range from weeds that are easy to eliminate, to some of the most difficult to control. Control with a broadleaf postemergent herbicide applied when the weed is actively growing.  For difficult to control weeds like creeping Charlie and Indian strawberry a spring and fall application of an herbicide is necessary.      

curly dock foliage
Broadleaf & curly dock

broad leaf plantain
Broadleaf plantain
 

 bulbous buttercup roots
Buttercup (bulbous)

cinquefoil foliage
Common cinquefoil 

 common dandelion
Dandelion

ground ivy with purple flowers
Ground ivy (Creeping
Charlie)

 

Indian strawberry and berries
Indian strawberry

chickweed foliage
Mouse-ear chickweed

oxalis foliage
Oxalis (woodsorrel)

sheep or red sorrel foliage
Sheep or red sorrel

common white clover
White clover

wild garlic or onion
Wild garlic and wild onion
flowering wild violet
Wild violet
yarrow foliage
Yarrow

Grassy winter annual weeds: Seeds germinate in late summer to early September. Control with a preemergent herbicide applied in early September before the seeds germinate.

annual blue grass
Annual bluegrass

Grassy summer annual weeds: Seed germination begins in early to mid-spring, when soil temperatures have risen to 55° - 60° F. for about a week. In Central Maryland; this is typically mid-March through mid-April. Seeds continue to germinate in the summer, and plants are killed by the first frost. Control with a preemergent herbicide applied prior to seed germination.

young crabgrass
Crabgrass

low growing goosegrass
Goosegrass

patch of Japanese stiltgrass
Japanese stiltgrass **
Invasive

Grassy perennial weeds/Sedges: Are some of the most difficult weeds to control in a lawn. There are very few selective herbicides labeled for these types of weeds.

bermuda or wire grass
Bermudagrass or wiregrass

clump of dallisgrass
Dallisgrass
nimblewill patch
Nimblewill
orchardgrass patch
Orchardgrass
quackgrass and root system
Quackgrass

 light green roughstalk bluegrass
(photo Perdue Un. Turf. Program)
Roughstalk bluegrass (Poa
trivialis) 


 

Sedges

Kyllinga and seedheads
Kyllinga

 

clump of yellow nutsedge
Yellow Nutsedge

 

Maintained by the IET Department of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. © 2017. Web Accessibility