University of Maryland Extension

Earth Friendly - Best Practices for Yards and Gardens

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Science-based best practices can help us avoid problems and create healthy and sustainable yards and gardens. The 15 general best practices below will give you an idea of the concept.

Best practices appear throughout the website are identified by this link:

 recommended Best Practices (see the best practices table below)

Mitigate and adapt to climate change

  1. Increase biological diversity above and below ground
  2. 4 Rs: reduce, re-use, recycle, and re-think
  3. Reduce the use of fossil fuels 

Plant wisely

  1. Select and use locally native plants appropriate for site conditions; provide habitat for wildlife
  2. Plant the right plant in the right place
  3. Remove non-native invasive plants 

Protect & conserve water

  1. Slow down stormwater, spread it out, and help it soak into the ground
  2. Use water efficiently
  3. Reduce lawn and replace with trees, shrubs, and garden plants 

Improve & protect soils 

  1. Protect soils from erosion and contamination
  2. Recycle nutrients and improve soil quality
  3. Eliminate or minimize the use of fertilizers

Practice Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 

  1. Avoid problem plants and learn to scout for and prevent problems
  2. Attract and conserve pollinators and beneficial organisms
  3. Eliminate or minimize the use of pesticides 

Best Practices for:

Climate Change

Food Gardening
Small Fruits

LandscapingReduce Lawn
LawnsOrnamentalsTrees & ShrubsWildlife
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