University of Maryland Extension

Pears - Selection and Planting


Bearing age and height

Pear  Bearing age
Tree height
  4-5 15 -18 


Cultivar  Comments
European Pears - listed in order of ripening. All listed cultivars have fire blight resistance. Bartlett, Bosc, Comice, Anjou, and Clapp's Favorite are all fire blight susceptible.
Harrow Delight Juicy, medium-sized fruits. Smooth flesh, no grit cells. Productive trees.
Moonglow Medium-to-large, dull green fruits with pink blush. Smooth, fine flesh; excellent quality.

Harvest Queen

Hardier and earlier, but very similar to Bartlett.
Honeysweet Firm fruit with cream-colored flesh; very similar to Seckel.
Seckel Can be nearly “tree-ripened.” Very sweet, small fruits. Referred to as the “sugar pear.”

Medium-sized fruits of excellent quality. Pollen is sterile; must be grown with two other cultivars. Must be kept in cold storage for one month prior to eating.

Asian Pears - most have good to excellent resistance to fire blight
Hosui Vigorous, spreading tree with very sweet, russeted fruit.
Olympic Large, upright tree with very large, russeted fruit that stores well.
Shenseiki Large vigorous tree; fruit is medium-to-large with little russeting.

20th Century

Medium-size tree with drooping habit. Yellow, high-quality fruit. Very productive; fruit must be thinned.
Shinko Firm, crisp fruit stores well.

Tree Fruit Pollination

Tree Fruit Planting

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