University of Maryland Extension

Care - Strawberries

strawberries on plant

Back to Strawberries

Mulch and Irrigation 


Crop soil pH 1st Year 2nd Year 3rd Year

3 oz. of 10-10-10
10 ft. of row, six weeks after planting; repeat in Aug.

3 oz. of 10-10-10
per 10 ft. of row in Aug. before new buds form.
Same each
succeeding year.
Dayneutral 6.0

6 oz. of 15-0-0 (nitrate of soda)
once a month 
June - Sept. per 10 ft. of row.

4 oz. of 15-0-0 (nitrate of soda)
once a month May - Sept. per
10 ft. of row.
Same each
succeeding year.

Fertilizer - Organic/Inorganic

Harvest and Storage

Strawberries should be left on the plant 1 to 2 days after fully red. Berries picked when not fully red will redden eventually but not sweeten. Pick early in the day when berries are cool by twisting stem and fruit from the vine. Wash before eating, not before storage. Process as soon as possible to preserve nutrients and flavor. They can be refrigerated for 3 to 5 days. One cup of strawberries contains 140% of the minimum daily requirement for vitamin C.

Spray Schedule

General Disease and Insect Pest Control Recommendations

Home Fruit Preventative Spray Schedule and Management of Common Problems

Most disease and insect pests of strawberries can be well managed using resistant cultivars and good sanitation practices.



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