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Potato Leaf Hoppers on Hops I do not usually look at hops very much as only a few farms have them, but they are becoming a bit more common in the last 10 years (Fig. 1). Visiting two farms withy hops I saw marginal leaf damage (Fig. 2) on some leaves (found some thrips too) and then marginal leaf scorch on others (Fig. 3).
Garlic Viruses In the past I have talked about several different problems with garlic, be it mites, nematodes, fungal or bacterial diseases. However, this year I am seeing something different that I will just call ‘garlic viruses’ that may have been there in past years, but is more prominent now for some reason.
Is Your Marketing Strategy Working? Mastering Marketing - June 2016   Who’s Your First and Best Customer?
Mites (Two Types) Found in Strawberries  While visiting some strawberry fields over the last few weeks, I ran into a few areas that had two spotted spider mite (TSSM) feeding. These were mostly in fields that had been using row cover. Spider mites Tetranychus urticae are well adapted to high-temperatures and can complete their life cycle in as little as 7 days when temperatures are > 80º F.
Allium (Onion) Leafminer The allium leafminer Phytomyza gymnostoma (also known as the onion leafminer) has recently been detected and confirmed from infested leeks in Lancaster County, PA.  This is the first confirmed infestation in the Western Hemisphere.
Who’s the Boss Mastering Marketing - April 2016 A primary attribute often given for being self-employed is “I’m my own boss.” But, business guru Peter Drucker stated, “The purpose of a business is to have a satisfied customer”. So, whether you’re a farmer, producer, or other type of small business owner; who’s the boss in your business?  Is it you, your customers, or both?
Understanding Grapevine Frost/Freeze Damage   Timely Viticulture Updated: April 7, 2016
Marketing— The Root of All Profits Mastering Marketing - March 2016 I’ve written, taught, and executed marketing ideas and plans for some time now. But, after pages and pages of text and theories, I’ve found marketing really boils down to a couple key concepts executed over three similar categories.  And, marketing is truly the root of all profits in any business.
Generate More “Word of Mouth” Referrals Mastering Marketing - February 2016
Tomato Ripening August 2015
Blossom End Rot in Tomatoes This is just a reminder with the peculiar weather we have had lately with stretches of very high temperatures then cooler days and throw in the very heavy down pours we have had over the last few weeks, blossom end rot can become a real problem in tomatoes.
Crop Development Sampling It is critical to properly monitor and assess the fruit characteristics and maturity to make the appropriate management, harvesting, and winemaking decisions to produce the best quality grapes and wine possible. The first step to assess ripeness and quality is to take a proper sample that best represents the actual ripeness stage of the variety in that vineyard.
Jump Start Your Fall Marketing Season Now Mastering Marketing - August 2015
Plants that Attract Pollinators and Natural Enemies 2015 In this presentation plants that gardeners and growers could use to attract both pollinators and natural enemies to their vegetable crops are discussed.
Disease Management - Botrytis Botrytis is the major disease on a grower's radar screen Infections can occur early in the season during bloom and later in the season from bunch closing on to harvest.
Early Season Insect Management: Flea Beetles Identification and Biology Grape Flea beetles, Altica spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), are small (4-5 mm), oval shaped, metallic blue-purple beetles that jump when disturbed. Grape flea beetles overwinter as adults and become active on warm April days when grape buds begin to swell. Adult beetles are most numerous following mild winters.
Early Season Insect Management: Climbing Cutworms This general term applies to the larvae (caterpillars) of a large number of butterfly/moth species (Lepidoptera) in the noctuid family that feed on buds, young shoots and leaves. Cutworm damage most commonly occurs in vineyards with weeds under the trellis or mulch, and in sandy or light colored soils.

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