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Valuing On-Farm Heir’s Sweat Equity Is Complicated: Agreements Can Fairly Compensate On-Farm Heirs             Determining the value of sweat equity can be both challenging and controversial for farm families. Sweat equity arises as an issue when an on-farm heir receives payment at below market rate, and the farm business grows in size due to an on-farm heir’s below-market labors. Land in the farm may also appreciate in value due to the work of the on-farm heir.
Estimating Irrigation Water Requirements to Optimize Crop Growth The crop, yield goal, soil, temperature, solar radiation, and other cultural factors determine the amount of water needed during the growing season.  Irrigation equipment varies in its efficiency.  Crops vary in peak water use and critical timing.  There are strategies to maximize profits with minimal water supplies.
Market Facilitation Program Available to Assist Producers Due to Trade Disputes The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) established the Market Facilitation Program (MFP) under Section 5 of the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Charter Act.
Check Out Recent Webinar on International Trade The Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics hosted a webinar on international trade issues in agriculture.  The webinar featured  Dr. Luis Ribera, Associate Professor and Extension Economist, Texas A&M University. Dr.
Webinar Highlighting 2018 Farm Bill Now Available In August, the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics hosted a webinar covering the 2018 Farm Bill debate.  As I write and post this post, the Farm Bill is still being debated by the conference committee and this webinar covers the competing House and Senate versions of the Farm Bill.
Proper Stewardship by Growers is Essential to Ensuring Dicamba Tolerant Soybeans Continue to be Available Dicamba tolerant soybeans, marketed under the trade name Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybeans are again available to Maryland growers for the 2018 growing season. This line of soybeans combines previous Roundup Ready technology with tolerance to the herbicide dicamba.
Horse Shopping? Better Ask Some Questions! If you are in the market for a horse, take your time and do your homework. Determine your goals for both you and your horse and develop a prioritized list of requirements for your horse.
Maryland Regulations on Transporting Horses If you are hauling horses, you may be subject to licensing and vehicle registration regulations.  This publication outlines the state and federal regulations that may apply if you live in Maryland and/or operate vehicles that are tagged with Maryland license plates.  The fact sheet includes information on requirements for personal and commercial transporting.
Keeping Horses on a Budget Horses are expensive to care for, and the costs can quickly become burdensome unless they are managed carefully.
Considerations for Equine Lease Agreements Offering a horse for lease can be a good option for an owner who is unable to ride or care for their horse due to physical, time, or financial constraints but still wishes to maintain ownership.
Teaching Basic Equine Nutrition Understanding the basic concepts of how to feed horses properly is important to ensure optimal health and performance in the horse.
Selling Shell Eggs to Retailers, Wholesalers, and Food Service Facilities in Maryland There is a strong consumer demand for locally produced foods including a call for more locally produced eggs. Real profit potential exists for Maryland egg producers to expand their markets in to retail, wholesale and Food Service Facilities in Maryland.
Poultry Farm Electrical Safety Poultry farmers work with many different types of electrical equipment daily. Harsh environments inside and outside the poultry house can affect the safety of electrical equipment and create hazards.
Your Land, Your Legacy, Planning for Every Maryland Landowner  Making decisions about the future of your land may seem overwhelming. It can be difficult to initiate conversations with your family, to sort out the different professionals involved in estate planning, and to know how to take the first step.
Financial Nuggets Financial Nuggets is a six lesson, financial educational program designed for middle school students (grades 5-8) that provides an opportunity for youth to simulate real world, financial experiencesthrough hands on learning activities.
Turning Out Your Product: From Food Safety to Marketing, There's a Lot You'll Need to Know This report breaks down the necessary steps to develop your product and bring it to market in accordance with Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's regulations and recommendations.
Launching a Cottage Food Business In Maryland The Cottage Food Industry Law of 2012 in Maryland opened the door for small-scale food entrepreneurs to launch a food business without investing in a commercial kitchen.
Turning on Your Idea: Starting a Specialty Food business Requires Careful Planning Successful specialty food processing requires careful planning, dedication, and skilled management.  Food businesses must comply with a number of complex and often confusing federal, state and local regulations.  This report includes questions that individuals should consider before starting a small food processing business.
Management Tool of Last Resort: Bankruptcy Offers Protections to Qualifying Agricultural Operations and Fishermen to Restructure Business and Survive Tough Economic Times Agriculture like many businesses is full of risks: marketing, financial, production, labor, and legal risks. With each risk area, producers must develop strategies to manage those risks. To manage marketing risks, for example, a producer would develop a plan for how to handle crops grown over the course of the season to maximize profits.
Proposed Settlement of Claims Against Syngenta May Not Apply to Maryland and Delaware Corn Growers, But A Future Settlement Will Settle Claims Nationwide Image by Edwin RemsbergDisclaimer:  Neither Paul, nor the University of Maryland take any position on the claims asserted against Syngenta or on whether producers join in a  class action lawsuit against Syngenta.  This article is for informational purposes only. 
Understanding Agricultural Liability: Maryland’s Right-to-Farm Law Can Limit Liability for Maryland Farm, Commercial Fishing, and Seafood Operators Many individuals moving into agricultural areas in Maryland have no farm backgrounds and little understanding of agricultural operations. The same is true of commercial fishing and seafood operations in Maryland.
Ensuring the Continued Viability of Rural Communities: Using Mediation to Settle Disputes Mediation, a form of alternative dispute resolution, has considerable advantages over litigation in terms of relationships among parties, finances, and time. Mediation can be a useful alternative to expensive litigation for many disputes.
Using a Business Organization Structure to Limit Your Farm's Liability In Maryland, 82.7 percent of agricultural operations conduct business as sole proprietorships (Census of Agriculture, 2012).
Understanding a Community Supported Agriculture Agreement: What Should Be Included in a Good CSA Membership Agreement? Community-supported agriculture (CSA) is a growing business model for farms in Maryland and nationally.  In a typical CSA, members pledge to help cover the anticipated costs of the farm’s production for part of or the entire season.  And in return the members receive a portion of the farm’s crops over the designated time period of the CSA contract.  The CSA model allows farmers to get nee
Property Ownership and Transferring Are Important Features of Your Farm Succession Plan Many people think an estate plan is just a will, but it is much more than that. Your estate plan will typically include documents and tools to distribute your property according to your wishes following your death.
Increasing Social Capital through Culturally Relevant Positive Youth Development (PYD) Social capital is a resource that includes several elements of social well-being including trusting networks among people, engagement with institutions, and connections to resources. Positive youth development program can foster youth's social capital to be better postured to combat social injustice.
We All Want to be Heard: Listening and Responding to Volunteers through Appreciative Inquiry As Extension educators, it is important that we value volunteers and provide venues for them to offer their feedback and assessments of the programs. This publication describes how to conduct an effective AI session to provide volunteers with a forum for sharing feedback and ideas for improving Extension programs such as 4-H.

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